What is Keratoconus?
Simply put, keratoconus is a progressive disease of the eye that affects the shape and structure of the cornea. Normally round in shape, the cornea starts to thin out and bulge into a cone like shape, which deflects the light entering the eye on its way to the retina, causing distorted vision. As the shape of the cornea begins to deteriorate further, near-sightedness can develop along with abnormal astigmatism, which can tend to worsen the condition further. In addition to distorted vision, patients experience glare and light sensitivity, as well as fluctuations in their vision clarity and strength, often resulting in complications such as streaking, multiple images and sensitivity to light.
Keratoconus is very common around the world, and can start to develop as early as the teenage years in some cases.
What causes Keratoconus?
To treat the condition more effectively, we have to understand how it is developed in the first place. Although the causes are not well established, there have been various studies on Keratoconus, and researchers have found a common link between the disease and an imbalance of enzymes that exist inside the cornea. This imbalance leads the cornea becoming more susceptible to oxidative damage from free radicals, enhancing the deterioration and bulging of the corneal structure.
Patients might be genetically predisposed to Keratoconus, as the condition has been known to exhibit in more than one member of the same family. That’s why it is recommended for relatives of first degree of Keratoconus patients to undergo evaluation as they are more susceptible than others.
Beyond genetics, there are other factors that contribute to the development of Keratoconus, including excessive exposure to harmful UV rays in sunlight, rubbing the eyes vigorously, and even badly fitted contact lenses that cause chronic eye irritation.
Here are some treatment modalities which are selected and administrated accordingly to each patient case:
► Corneal Collagen Crosslinking
► Topography-Guided Conductive Keratoplasty
► Implantable Contact Lens (ICL)
► Keratoplasty (Corneal Transplant)
► Rose K Hard Lenses
► Custom Soft Contact Lenses
► Gas permeable Contact Lenses
► Hybrid Contact Lenses
► Scleral and Semi-Scleral Lenses
How do royal Spanish center expert doctors deal with Keratoconus:
We recommend to visit the Royal Spanish Ophthalmology Center immediately if you have any of the above symptoms. The experienced physicians will conduct the necessary tests and determine the treatment that best suits your condition. You can rest assured that the Royal Spanish Center offers the best facilities and equipment in the emirate to face such situations, and do not worry you will regain your ability to enjoy life seeing. Just hurry up to book your consultation