What if i have glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a disease that damages your eye’s optic nerve. It usually happens when fluid builds up in the front part of your eye. That extra fluid increases the pressure in your eye, damaging the optic nerve.
Glaucoma causes include elevated eye pressure (called intraocular pressure or IOP) due to the eye’s inability to drain fluid efficiently.
Only half of people with glaucoma are aware they have the condition. When glaucoma develops, there are usually no early symptoms. This is why glaucoma can “steal” sight gradually.
Glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, pills, laser surgery, traditional surgery or a combination of these methods. The goal of any treatment is to prevent loss of vision, as vision loss from glaucoma is irreversible. The good news is that glaucoma can be managed if detected early, and that with medical and/or surgical treatment, most people with glaucoma will not lose their sight.
Glaucoma treatment includes:
- Eye Drops
- Surgical Procedures
- Laser Surgery
- Traditional Surgery
- Drainage Implant Surgery
- Nonpenetrating Surgery
Some Promising Surgical Alternatives
All glaucoma surgery procedures (whether laser or non-laser) are designed to accomplish one of two basic results: decrease the production of intraocular fluid (aqueous humor) or increase the outflow (drainage) of this same fluid. Occasionally, a procedure will accomplish both.
When Is Glaucoma Surgery Needed?
Depending on the type of glaucoma you have, different kind of glaucoma treatment options may be considered.
Most cases of glaucoma can be controlled with one or more drugs. But some people may require surgery to reduce their IOP further to a safe level by improving the outflow or drainage of fluids. Occasionally, surgery can eliminate the need for glaucoma eye drops. However, you may need to continue with eye drops even after having glaucoma surgery.