Just as no two people look the same, the eyes are not any different. Each set of eyes has different characteristics which determine the safest mode of correction. After your detailed consultation with your eye care professional, you will learn what is best for you. The following are some of the procedures that we offer:
• SBK LASIK: “Sub-Bowman Keratomileusis”
• IntraLASIK: “Blade-free LASIK”
• IntraLASIK HD: “Custom LASIK”
• Laser/PRK: “Photorefractive Keratectomy”
• Implantable Contact Lens (ICL) Visian ICL
• Dicabetic Eye Care
LASIK is a highly effective outpatient procedure that is suitable for most low and moderate prescriptions. OptiLASIK uses a cool beam of light from the excimer laser to gently reshape the front surface (cornea) of your eye.The operation is performed with the patient awake and mobile; however, the patient typically is given a mild sedative (such as Valium) and anesthetic eye drops.
OptiLASIK is a highly effective outpatient procedure that is suitable for most low and moderate prescriptions. A mechanical surgical tool called a microkeratome is used to create a thin, circular “flap” in the cornea. A cool beam of light from the excimer laser is used to gently reshape the front surface (cornea) of your eye. This technique is used to treat low myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism.
After the laser reshapes the cornea, the flap is then laid back in place, covering the area where the corneal tissue was removed. Then the cornea is allowed to heal naturally. Laser eye surgery requires only topical anesthetic drops and no bandages or stitches are required.
This is a more gentle variety of the LASIK method, in which a thinner flap is created. In the traditional LASIK method the flap is 130-180 microns thick (depending on the microkeratome used). In SBK, the use of a special microkeratome head, MORIA One Use-Plus SBK, allows us to create a flap that is 70-100 microns thick. This spares corneal cells and leads to benefits that have never before been possible. The surface of the cornea is shown to be much smoother on microscopy and better preserved following SBK than other procedures like traditional LASIK.
The most important advantages of SBK is the thinner corneal flap created which contributes to the rapid and painless regeneration period. Most patients regain sharp vision within several hours and have very mild symptoms. Sensitivity to light considerably decreases and there are fewer cases of dry eye in the first period after surgery.
Intralase FS (femtosecond) Laser replaces the handheld microkeratome blade with an ultra-fast laser improves safety by eliminating virtually all of the most severe, sight-threatening flap complications. Patient measurements guide the computer-driven laser to create a customized corneal flap with micro-precision, while simultaneously preparing an optimal corneal surface below the flap for better visual outcomes. Blade-free IntraLASIK in Royal Spanish Center Abu Dhabi is a computer controlled procedure that creates a flap with uniform thickness and design every single time, reducing potential blade-related complications and further lowering any risk of infection. This procedure is the first to incorporate two lasers with the combined ability to tailor a patient’s laser vision correction procedure to each individual eye from start to finish.
It is one of the safest, most precise methods used in laser vision correction today. It is especially recommended for patients with a high prescription and high astigmatism.
Until now, laser vision correction, like glasses and contact lenses, could only correct the visual distortions caused by nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. However, these three common types of vision distortions, called “lower order aberrations,” are only responsible for 85-90% of the overall quality of your vision. There are other imperfections on your eye’s optical system that may affect the clarity of your vision and how well you see at night or in low light. These are called “higher order aberrations,” and they can cause glare, shadows, halos, and other annoying visual effects. Unless these higher order aberrations are addressed, along with the lower order aberrations, the quality of your vision may not be ideal.
Now, thanks to advanced wavefront technology, IntraLASIK HD, it is possible to measure and address both lower and higher order aberrations with the use of this new IntraLase technology. The computerized wavefront-measuring instrument generates a map representing you unique visual distortions. This map is a guide for the laser, telling it how and where to reshape the cornea to best correct your vision.
PRK is a type of refractive surgery to correct myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. Though PRK recovery takes a bit longer than recovery from LASIK eye surgery, PRK is still commonly performed and offers advantages over LASIK for some patients.
Like LASIK and other types of laser eye surgery, PRK works by reshaping the cornea using excimer laser, allowing light entering the eye to be properly focused onto the retina for clear vision.
The main difference between PRK and LASIK is that in LASIK surgery, a thin hinged flap is created on the cornea to access the treatment area, whereas in PRK, the cornea’s entire epithelial (outer) layer is removed to expose the area and no flap is created. For both PRK and LASIK, the excimer laser then sculpts the stromal layer (middle layer) of the cornea to correct your refractive error. PRK is usually the safest option since no flap is created.
The final results of PRK surgery are comparable to LASIK outcomes, but initial PRK recovery is slower because it takes a few days for new epithelial cells to regenerate and cover the surface of the eye. There is also a slightly increased haziness of vision in the first few days after surgery. LASIK patients generally have less discomfort, and their vision stabilizes more quickly, whereas vision improvement with PRK is gradual and the final outcome can take several weeks.
PRK does, however, offer some distinct benefits. Because PRK surgery does not create a corneal flap, the entire thickness of the underlying stroma (middle layer) is available for treatment. This is of particular benefit if the cornea is too thin for LASIK or if you have undergone LASIK previously and therefore have a thinner residual cornea. There also is no risk of flap complications.
As the eye naturally ages, the reading vision begins to become blurry which usually occurs around age 40. This is called Presbyopia and it is a normal change. For our patients that are experiencing this, we recommend PresbyLASIK. This procedure is also called Monovision LASIK which is a form of presbyopic correction where the dominant eye is corrected for distance and the less dominant eye is slightly undercorrected in near-sighted patients and slightly over-corrected in far-sighted patients, making close objects clearer to see, reducing the dependence on reading glasses, while also correcting distance vision. It is important to understand that this procedure is a compromise and reduces dependence on glasses but we expect that you will still need reading glasses for certain tasks after surgery.